How to make your own layout of paving stones on a computer

How to make your own layout of paving stones on a computer

Construction, repair and improvement of surrounding areas - all these processes are associated with the inevitable costs for work performed. And if some costs can not be avoided, the other can be saved by taking some of the work themselves. The former include, first of all, the use of a variety of construction tools and machinery: cranes, excavators, concrete mixers, concrete pumps and other. And also requires a qualified expenditure calculation and design houses, engineering systems, installation of windows, installation of roof construction and other works, which are either very hard to do it yourself, or impossible.

What can save you always - it's the designers. The authors did not wish to "throw a stone in the garden," the representatives of this wonderful profession. Of course, what they need, and many specialists in this field can help immensely. Just want to say that one should not underestimate their own ability to visualize the desired interior or landscape. And if a person does not know how to draw, then the computer it can be done easily. In this article, we propose to consider the question of how to make your own layout of paving stones on a computer. Moreover, the authors insist that the dear readers of our portal is made by ourselves, with us.

How to make your own layout of paving stones on a computer

How to make your own layout of paving stones on a computer

What software can be used to visualize the layout of paving stones?

There are so many programs with which you can make the visualization layout pavers both professional and amateur. Among all their diversity, we offer the program Microsoft Publisher, which is included in the Microsoft Office package. Find this program is very easy, very easy to install. Why Publisher?

  • Firstly, the interface is almost the same as that of the most used Microsoft Word editor. It is simple and intuitive.
  • Secondly, despite the ease of development, this program has a pretty impressive set of tools to create complex graphics.
  • Third, traditional for the Microsoft Office suite, all file formats created by other programs, are easy to read and apply.
  • Fourth, in the Publisher Program can create a set of templates, which can then easily be used in the future.
  • And finally, Microsoft Office Publisher lets you save files in their format and in others, which are easy to export, read or use in other programs.

Of course, Microsoft Office Publisher can not create a 3D model, as in the professional programs. The Publisher will not be able to see how it will sparkle with dew covered cobbles in the gentle rays of the morning sun, you will not be virtually wander around the winding paths of their future garden or make a video about it. To do this, it will be necessary to spend a lot of time to learn any program, then spend even as much time lovingly placing stones on the tracks indicate the points of the compass, the sun's position, the location of buildings and other objects, and so on. Or you can turn to designers who possess professional visualization programs, however, have to pay for a lot of money. Yes, and practice shows that it is not always even the most complicated and detailed visualization helps.

One example of imaging coverage of the pavers in the professional program

One example of imaging coverage of the pavers in the professional program

We encourage our readers to connect their own imagination, which everyone has. We assert that after 30-40 minutes of the readers will choose the color of stones in their future paths, and they shall arrange them. At the same time they will provide good tools - calculators that will help to calculate the right amount of the right color pavers. After a short time readers of our portal who had never used a computer for imaging, will be a good way to wonder how it is that simple.

Where to begin?

First of all, you need to install Microsoft Office Publisher program or to check whether it is not installed on the computer. Very often, together with Microsoft Office, this program is the default simply do not use it and it is unfairly forgotten somewhere in the depths of your hard drive. In this article, we will not describe the process of finding and installing this program, especially because of the fact that it's very simple. Also for the reason that our portal is called the building, rather than a computer.

Once the program is installed or clarified the fact of its presence can begin to take action. What should we do?

  • First, decide which pavers will be used.
  • Second, create templates in Microsoft Office Publisher Program, which reflect the size and color of the pavers.
  • Third, find out the number of pavers required for the desired color scheme. To do this, we will provide calculators.
  • And, finally, begin the creative process - to make their own layout. And no one on this issue to rush or demand money for it.

What we choose as an example?

Sett is completely different. Of course, natural granite preferably all, but we will be realistic and accept the fact that in most cases, use an artificial stone. If you follow the impartial statistics, the most popular is vibropressed concrete blocks. Therefore, we consider it is her, although with the same success it is possible to lay the paving stones on the computer and other materials. Here are its main types and sizes in the table. In addition to its natural size, give a size that should be used in an image editor that it looked more or less realistic, and would reflect the real proportions.

IzobrazhenieRazmery, short opisanieRekomenduemye dimensions of the template in the graphical editor
1"Brick" pavers vibropressed. Dimensions 100 * 200 mm, thickness 40, 60, 80 or 100 mm.10 * 20 mm (1 * 2 cm). The thickness of the layout is not important.
2Vibropressed pavers "small square". Dimensions 100 x 100 mm. Thickness 40, 60, 80 or 100 mm.10 * 10 mm (1 * 1 cm).
3"Square big" vibropressed pavers. The dimensions of 200 * 200 mm. Thickness 40, 60, 80 or 100 mm.20 * 20 mm (2 * 2 cm).
4"Old Town" vibropressed pavers. A set of three elements, dimensions 240 * 160 mm, 120 * 160 * 160 mm and 160 mm. Thickness 40, 60, 80 mm.24 * 16 mm (2.4 * 1.6 cm); 12 * 16 mm (1.2 * 1.6 cm); 16 * 16 mm (1.6 x 1.6 cm).
5Vibropressed pavers "Old Town" of the four elements. Dimensions 60 * 120 mm, 90 * 120 mm, 120 * 120 mm, 180 * 120 mm. Thickness 40, 60, 80 mm.6 * 12 mm (0.6 * 1.2 cm); 9 * 12 mm (0.9 * 1.2 cm); 12 * 12 mm (1.2 * 1.2 cm); 18 * 12 mm (1.8 * 1.2 cm).
6"Old Town" vibropressed pavers. A set of three elements, dimensions 260 * 160 mm, 100 * 160 * 160 mm and 160 mm. The thickness of 50 or 80 mm.26 * 16 mm (2.6 * 1.6 cm); 10 * 16 mm (1 * 1.6 cm); 16 * 16 mm (1.6 x 1.6 cm).
7Vibropressed pavers "European Brook" of the three elements. Dimensions: 240 * 240mm, 240 * 120mm, 120 * 120 mm. Thickness 60 mm.24 * 24 mm (2.4 * 2.4 cm); 24 * 12 mm (2.4 * 1.2 cm); 12 * 12 mm (1.2 * 1.2 cm).

Vibropressed pavers can be made of completely different colors. As an example, we present the main ones, but that does not mean that these are the colors will be closest to the readers DIY stores and markets. You always have to start from the real possibilities, and we are in his article will explain how to use layout with exactly those colors that are available within walking distance. Delivery of heavy and bulk pavers are very expensive, which it is necessary to save.

Create templates in the program Microsoft Office Publisher

Any owner when making dumplings or dumplings will never be out of the dough with a knife to cut each blank separately. To do this, use any special forms, templates, or just a glass. That's when the layout of the pavers is proposed to create simple patterns, with which you can get what you want. It's very simple. First you need to run the Publisher program. A window will appear to create a new file, where you can select a blank A4 page in landscape orientation.

Work with templates in Publisher pavers program more convenient to A4 page in landscape orientation

Work with templates in Publisher pavers program more convenient to A4 page in landscape orientation

Will appear on the window, which is very much like all the famous text editor Microsoft Word, but in fact it is not. If the Word «all dancing" goes around the text, which you can insert a variety of objects in Publisher can be randomly inserted anywhere on any objects as graphics and text, giving complete freedom of action. Now it's look at an example of creating templates.

Publisher Program working window

Publisher Program working window

Top working Publisher window are tabs: "File", "Home", "Insert", "Page Layout", "News", "Review", "view", and in the presence of a selected object in the working field appears more tab and the "Format". Each tab has its own set of tools, submit button. In the manual, we will indicate the tab and button. Let's start creating templates pavers. We represent the process as a table.

IzobrazhenieOpisanie actions
1First, create Templates sett on an example given in the table previously provided. To do this, go to the tab "Insert" and find her button "Figures".
2After clicking on this button is in the drop-down "Rounded Rectangle" list and click on it.
3In the working area of ​​the program by pressing the left mouse button, draw a small rectangle with rounded corners. With the help of the blue marker, you can change its linear dimensions, using a green marker it can be rotated, and yellow can change the radius of curvature. Even in such a form of default, this box may well serve as the basis for creating a template.
4Now it's time to give the desired size of the template. For this we look at their earlier published table. The first is "brick", size 100 * 200 mm, and a scale 10 * 20 mm. To make a rectangle the size you want, you can select it and on the Format tab on the right side of the toolbar to find the button "Measure" and press it.
6Small toolbar displays, where X and Y indicate the position of the figures in the workspace, and the following three fields define the geometrical dimensions and the angle of rotation. By changing the value in the cells can be easily resized. We introduce a width of 2 cm and a height of 1 cm, the rotation angle can be left in the same - 0 °. We obtain a scaled image of paving stone "bricks".
7By default, the contour of the figure has a black color and line thickness of 0.75 points. If necessary, change the color and line width. To do this, select the shape and the tab "Format" click "Contour shape" and the drop-down list to select the line color, type, thickness. In this example we have chosen the gray color of the outline, but you can choose any other that will seem clearer.
8If necessary, you can easily change the scale of the work area in Publisher editor. For this purpose there is a slider in the lower right part of the window with the characters "+" and "-". Moving it to the left or right, you can make a convenient scale for the job.
9For further convenience, the orientation in the templates, you can make a signature for each type of paving stone. To do this on the tab "Home" or "Insert" button is pressed, "Draw the inscription."
10Then position the cursor at the location where you want to place the label and do click the left mouse button. There is a text entry field. In our example, this pavers "bricks" that is typed in the field.
elevenField size is easy to adjust by using markers, as this field can be moved anywhere on the page. This is done in exactly the same way as in Microsoft Word, and a graphics editor.
12It is also very convenient to make the sign of the size of paving stones, then to easily navigate through the templates. This is done in the same way as in the previous case. In our example, we placed the inscription on the pattern of paving stones "bricks".
13To draw a rectangle is not necessarily re-apply to the "Shapes" button. Just copy an existing "bricks" and insert it, and then resize. To copy the need to select the shape, and then click the right mouse button. In the shortcut menu, it is necessary to select the item. This action can be replaced by pressing «Ctrl + C» after separation.
14Then, in the right place, you can right-click on the shortcut menu, select "Paste".
15You can also press the key combination «Ctrl + V», and then drag the figure to the right place. When you drag a line will appear pink, which will give a hint that the edges are aligned figures.
16Then the figure is given the desired size using the "Measure" button on the "Format" tab. In our case it is 1 * 1 cm.
17Similarly, as has been done before, you can sign the name and size of the pavers. You can create a new label, and easier to copy, paste and edit previously made.
18Just as in the previous case is a pattern of paving stones "large square", which also made a signature.
20The following table there are three kinds of sets pavers "Old Town" of three or four elements of varying size. Denote their sequence numbers 1, 2 and 3 and is located in the right side of the workspace (sheet). Initially, the figures of the corresponding size. We do exactly the same as the previous examples, only in the panel "Measure" are putting the right size. Similarly, made a signature to all items individually and as a whole set.
21For a better view of all the templates you want to align. This can be done manually by selecting and dragging the items you want. This will prompt a pink lines that appear when you drag.
22After aligning the elements, you can check the correct size and save the template file. To do this, go to "File" tab and click "Save As." In the dialog box, you must choose a location and specify a file name, such as "Patterns of paving stones."

When all these steps are completed, you can congratulate the artist that created templates. But a reasonable question arises - because apart from the geometrical sizes of pavers for the layout and color is also important. It's just, you can set the color fill shapes by clicking on the tab "Format" button "Fill shapes" and select a color. But much better to make a texture fill vibropressed pavers. Where you can take a texture?

  • Firstly, you can visit the site pavers manufacturers or vendors, which can be color samples.
  • Secondly, it is also possible to download from the Internet image bruschatyh coating and from "get" color patterns and textures.
  • Finally, you can visit the place where will be purchased pavers and independently to photograph specimens that are usually put on the stands. And then "get" the right texture.

Consider, as an editor in Publisher is very easy to make color patterns pavers. For this we take the Internet and find an appropriate photo, where the main color of paving stones. Naturally, this can be simply and Photo pavers made independently. Cameras in the form of smart phones are now equipped with almost everything and there is no trouble to make one or more images. The figure shows an example of images found on the Internet at the website of the manufacturer, which has been stored on the computer.

Image with samples of stone blocks of color, which is found on the Internet

Image with samples of stone blocks of color, which is found on the Internet

Next, open the Publisher program, and it is better to open a new file, rather than the one that was previously saved as a template. Whereas previously lined templates will not be affected when editing images. On the "Insert" it is necessary to click on "Figure" in the Explorer window that opens, specify the location of the photos and click "Paste." As a result of these actions in the working area of ​​the program (on the sheet) will be selected photo.

File patterns paving stone color, is inserted into the workspace Publiher

File patterns paving stone color, is inserted into the workspace Publiher

 

Further process can be represented as a table.

IzobrazhenieOpisanie actions
1Select photo and click "Trim" (marked by the red arrow) on the Format tab. Around the photos there are special markers (indicated by the blue arrow).
2What follows is cut, or as they say photographers - crop, the desired portion of the image. To do this, use the mouse drag markers in a position to inside the frame was only a necessary portion.
3Then press the button again, "Trim" or click with the mouse on any free part of the work area. As a result, there will be only one rectangle, which is limited to the markers. In this example, it is gray. To save it as a separate file click on the right mouse button and choose the option "Save as Picture".
4In the resulting "Save As" you must first specify a location to save the dialog box. A special folder "Colors pavers" has been created in this case.
5Then enter a file name, in this case the name of the color "Gray".
6Specify the file type. In most cases, it is best to choose the "Picture in JPEG format," since most of the photos downloaded from the Internet or captured with a digital camera are in this format. If there is another format, you have to open the drop-down list and select.
7Then press "Save". The desired file by the name of the color will be saved in the selected folder.
8To preserve the color of the other is not necessary to re-open the image editor in Publisher. To do this, select the image enough that was saved earlier, and then on the "Format" tab, again click "Trim." After these steps, the original image appears on the field, which will trim markers highlighted saved pattern.
9These markers can be moved left or right, up or down to select another desired portion. In our example, we move the right handle to the right to indicate the right border of the neighboring sample pavers - dark brown.
10Then, the mouse is taken left trimming mark.
elevenAnd drag the left edge of the dark brown area. Thus, the next sample is selected.
12Saving a file is exactly the same as in the previous case: Press the "Cut", then on the shortcut menu, select "Save as Picture" indicating storage location, enter a file name, format and click "Save."
13Similarly, everything is repeated for each of the paving stones of colors. The result should be a directory with several image files that will be used later.

In this example, 12 samples shown pavers colors. In real life, they are usually smaller, since not every manufacturer will produce and sell paving stones in a wide range. But this does not affect the aesthetic qualities of the finished coating, because for a good and harmonious pavers enough to use two, three or four colors. More of them - it is already too much, because the coverage areas and walkways should not resemble a bright quilt, but must be in harmony, especially with the landscape, and then with the surrounding buildings.

The next step is to create color patterns using "extracted" bruchatki image. For this we need to find and open a previously created document in which the paving stones are made templates.

At the bottom is enough space to accommodate color patterns, but it is better not to do pictures, and samples of the pavers, which are painted in different colors, the ones that will be used in the virtual layout. In the example described above, we have kept 12 different colors, so it will be necessary to create 12 samples. The template is the smallest model pavers "small square". That it is most convenient to use as a template.

should be at the bottom of the workspace to place the pavers 12 templates "small square" to create color patterns. To do this, copy the template using the context menu that appears when you click the right mouse button or the selected object is copied and inserted shortcut keys «Ctrl + C» and «Ctrl + V». Move the objects from the lower portion of the sheet.

For color patterns suitable element

For color patterns suitable element "Square small»

These templates are desirable to align. This can be done by hand and by eye, but it is better to use special tools. To do this, select all of them. This can be done in two ways:

  • Select one object by clicking the left mouse button, and then hold down the «Ctrl», click on all other objects that should be allocated.
  • Place the cursor over all the objects in the upper left corner, and then when you click on the left mouse button to move the cursor to the right and down. Appears rectangle bounded by the dotted line. All objects that should be allocated to these contours of the rectangle. Then, when released the left mouse button - all objects are highlighted.

Next, you can select these objects vertically. To do this, go to the tab "Format" and then click "Align". In the resulting number of points, you can select the list. We choose the "Align Bottom".

Alignment patterns on the bottom edge

Alignment patterns on the bottom edge

All objects are aligned along the bottom edge, but horizontally distributed ugly. Extreme object can move to the right, defining the right border of a group of objects, and align it along the bottom edge to the other. The fact that it is on one line, suggest the pink lines that appear when you move.

Tips in the form of pink lines

Tips in the form of pink lines

But then again, all of the objects you want to select on the "Format" tab, click "Align". From the list it is necessary to select "Distribute Horizontally". The result of this action will please anyone, because all objects will be distributed evenly between the extreme left and the extreme right, and this process together with the pressing will take more than a few seconds.

The result of the alignment

The result of the alignment

Now it's time to give all the necessary patterns of color that had previously been stored previously. This is done very simply. Provided one object on the "Format" tab, press the "Fill the figures." A list in which it is necessary to select "Picture".

Selecting the way to fill

Selecting the way to fill "Figure"

A dialog box appears in which to specify the location where the previously saved color samples of paving stones, and then select the desired file and click "Paste." Dedicated earlier this object will fill color, and there will be visually resemble Planking stone. In this example, a white color is applied. For convenience, you can sign the sample in the same way as we did with the Patterns of paving stones.

Selecting the picture to fill

Selecting the picture to fill

The result of casting a single figure

The result of casting a single figure

Similarly, the filling is made of all the objects that will represent samples of paving stone colors and made them a signature. The result is visible in the picture, and it is already starting to look pleasing. After that, the pattern file can be saved and go directly to the process layout of paving stones on a computer.

Color templates ready

Color templates ready

How to make your own layout of paving stones on a computer

Selecting the layout scheme pavers

Before embarking on the layout of paving stones on a computer is to determine what kind of pavers will be used, as well as decide on the circuit. There are so many options. More information can be found in the corresponding article on our site, but here we present a table which describes the basic scheme.

IzobrazhenieNazvanie raskladkiRazmery pavers or tiles, mmOpisanie
1"Seam in seam"50 * 50 or 100 * 100Paving stones or tiles square-shaped stacked so that all the joints are aligned.
2"The Extension"50 * 50 or 100 * 100One seam square tile falls exactly in the middle of another tile width.
3"The wave of Extension"50 * 50 or 100 * 100Sutures tiles next horizontal row are shifted by a quarter of the width of rings. After three rows in the same direction, the shift changes direction.
4"The Extension diagonal"50 * 50 or 100 * 100The displacement occurs in one direction at a quarter width of the tile.
5"Seam in seam"100 * 200All seam lines coincide.
6"The Extension"100 * 200The seams of tiles of each one falls exactly in the middle of the last row of tiles.
7"Herringbone"100 * 200This layout resembles the layout of parquet. It can be performed as a parallel track paving edges zones and at 45 ° thereto.
8"Network"100 * 200two blocks tiles are laid in mutually perpendicular directions.
9"The Dutch"100 * 200 and 100 * 100One row is a tile 100 * 100 mm, and the other - the alternation of 100 * 100 * 100 mm with 200 mm. Ligation joints as the figure
10"Herringbone"100 * 200 and 100 * 100Each row comprises alternating rectangular and square tiles. Ligation shown in Fig.
eleven"The Extension"100 * 200 and 100 * 100Each series - is the alternation of rectangular and square tiles. Ligation in the Extension is between the square tiles.
12"Well"100 * 200 and 100 * 100Each square tiles around the rectangular obkladyvaetsya the well.

After selecting a scheme, of course, will rise a reasonable question - how many pavers need for paving a particular area of ​​the chosen scheme? In this issue should be guided by a few simple principles.

2Cobblestones "small square" 100 * 100 mm3Cobblestones "Square big" 200 * 200 mm

Calculators for calculating the area of ​​a pattern of pavers "Old Town"

Cobblestones "Old Town" has many varieties as the size of its elements, and by color. In the table we show the main three of its kind, which often can be found in Russia and in the countries of the former Soviet Union. Conventionally, we call it the way it should be in the table. "Old Town -1", "-2 Old Town" and "Old Town -3"

Very often sets paving stone blocks are combined with the standard "building blocks", "Square small" and "large square" of which can give all border zone, the boundary zone and separators between sections. That is why in all the calculators there is an opportunity to consider and standard paving.

A calculator for calculating the area of ​​a pattern of pavers "Old Town &# 8212; 1"

1 CalculatorCalculator for cell area (pattern) of the paving stones "Old Town - 1"
"Calculate the area of ​​the pattern"OLD TOWN 1 item 1
item2
element 3
If the standard types of pavers are used in the pattern, enter the number1
23

A calculator for calculating the area of ​​a pattern of pavers "Old Town &# 8212; 2 »

stargor2Calculator for cell area (pattern) of the paving stones "Old Town - 2"
"Calculate the area of ​​the pattern"21
22
23
24
If the standard types of pavers are used in the pattern, enter the number1
23

A calculator for calculating the area of ​​a pattern of pavers "Old Town &# 8212; 3 '

3Calculator for cell area (pattern) of the paving stones "Old Town - 3"
"Calculate the area of ​​the pattern"31
32
33
If the standard types of pavers are used in the pattern, enter the number1
23

A calculator for calculating the area of ​​a pattern of pavers "European Brook"

63Calculator for cell area (pattern) of the paving stones "European Brook"
"Calculate the area of ​​the pattern"41
42
43
If the standard types of pavers are used in the pattern, enter the number1
23