Radiators which is better
For the correct choice of radiators need to be aware of their basic technical parameters. Otherwise, the result may fall short of expectations. Really important parameters in the radiator is not so much, so easy even a layman will understand them.
Features choice of radiators
Now people no longer need to hide or decorate radiators, t. To. The modern devices can become a worthy ornament of any interior. Radiators sold today may differ in color, size, material of manufacture and overall performance style, so will not be difficult to choose the most suitable option.
Attention! Despite the fact that we are accustomed to the battery of light colors, black, heat transfer devices by about ¼ above solely by color. Although the choice of colors to better navigate though the design of the home and personal preferences.
With regards to the form, it must necessarily be streamlined. For safety reasons, it is desirable from the sharp corners to give at all, especially if the children live in the house. Before buying check out the strengths and weaknesses of each of the existing types of radiators, to determine which is more suitable for your particular room. The first thing you should pay attention - this operating pressure instruments.
What to choose radiators
Depending on the material of the radiators are divided into:
- cast iron;
- Bimetallic (alloys of the two metals).
Radiator in the interior
It depends on the material of the above-mentioned pressure heat recovery coefficient, heat capacity, resistance to mechanical and chemical damages and operational life.
Radiators in the interior
Also, look for a way to connect to the heating pipe. The compound may be a side, bottom and versatile. It is significant that in modern radiators have all these ways to connect.
Options for connecting radiators
Attention! A very important environmental and material used in the manufacture of radiators. In the internal elements of formaldehyde should be also appreciated quality polymer deposition on the surface.
Now more detail on each material.
Characteristics of cast iron radiators
Cast iron radiators
Technical characteristics of the cast iron radiator RETRO
These batteries are the most common and well-known to every one, that is. A. They are installed in the majority of typical apartments. Agree, old appliances from cast iron can hardly be considered stylish and attractive. The new models look better, but for aesthetic performance is still much smaller than devices made from other materials.
It is known that iron is very heavy. Batteries made from it, weigh a lot, which may not affect the complexity of transportation and installation.
Consider their basic advantages.
- Cast iron radiators are reliable and durable. They can last up to 40 years without maintenance, which is not true of batteries made of other materials.
- Cast iron cools slowly, so while slowly warming up, and is also resistant to corrosion.
- This high rate of metal heat capacity. Heating occurs by means of convection.
- Such batteries can be used even with inferior quality coolant containing impurities and suspended matter.
- Cast-iron batteries are relatively cheap (except in model design from foreign manufacturers).
The color scheme of cast iron radiators GuRaTec
But there is a cast iron limitations, among which:
- considerable weight;
- slow heating;
Attention! Despite the abundance of more modern counterparts, many prefer to install exactly iron battery, trusting that tested for decades.
Fastening cast iron radiators to walls of different materials
Table 1. Comparison of cast iron batteries of the most well-known manufacturers
|1. Konner, Modern||to 4.75||to 0.96||-||Up to 150||12||80h60h565|
|2. FM-3||to 7||1.38||0.25||156||9||120h90h570|
|2. FM-2||to 6.3||0,8-0,95||0.2||100-142||9||100h80h570|
|2. FM-1||to 4.8||0.9||0,1-0,16||110||9||70h80h570|
|5. MC-140||to 7.1||1.45||0.24||160||9||140h93h588|
Characteristics of steel radiators
Characteristics of steel radiators
low-carbon steel used in the manufacture of these devices. In order to protect the surface is coated with special enamel. If steel radiators of good quality, they have different operating parameters, including:
- corrosion resistance;
- resistance to various aggressive substances.
Such batteries may be tubular and paneled.
Steel radiators tubular structure
Steel pipes coated with the polymer of high quality are used for their assembly. Maximum load, which can cope with devices depends solely on the thickness of pipe walls. Desirably, the pipes were made of stainless steel.
Steel tubular radiators
Operational life of tubular devices greatly exceeds that in the panel and is about 30 years. You can connect all of the methods described above. The operating pressure is 10-16 atm, more detailed data needs to be clarified in the data sheet of the product.
Steel panel radiators
As can be seen from the name, such radiators are made in the form of panels. For this purpose, connected between a certain number of steel plates. Due to this arrangement, a high heat capacity, the thickness of each plate is insignificant. In addition, panel radiators weigh little and provide the ability to connect with all means available.
Purmo radiators are steel panel100 watts per sq. mHow many external walls in the room?onetwothreefourIn what part of the world are watching the outer wallsNorth, Northeast, EastSouth, South-West, WestSpecify the degree of warming of external wallsExterior walls are not insulatedThe average degree of insulationThe outer walls have a high-quality insulationSpecify the average air temperature in the coldest region in the decade of the year- 35 ° C and belowfrom - 25 ° C to - 35 ° Cto - 20 ° Cto - 15 ° Cnot lower than - 10 ° CEnter the height of the ceiling in the roomto 2.7 m2.8 ÷ 3.0 m3.1 ÷ 3.5 m3.6 ÷ 4.0 mmore than 4.1 mThat is located on the premises?cold attic or unheated and not heat-insulated roomunheated attic or other premiseheated roomSpecify the type of installed windowsConventional wood frames with double glazingWindows with mono (2 glass) glass-Windows with triple (3 glasses) or glass-filled with argonSpecify the number of windows in the roomSpecify the window height, mSpecify the width of the window, mSelect the battery wiring diagramSpecify the features of the installation of radiatorsRadiator raspolzheny open wall or window sill is not coveredThe radiator is completely covered by the top sill or shelfThe radiator is mounted in a wall nichePartially covered radiator front decorative screenThe radiator is completely closed decorative cover The following will be prompted nameplate capacity of one section of the selected radiator model.
If the purpose of calculation should determine the needs of the total thermal power for heating the room (for example, to select non-separable radiators), then leave the field emptyEnter passport heat output of one section of the selected radiator models