Calculating the number of wallpaper in the room - Calculator
The range of finishing materials are constantly updated with new developments, based on the most advanced achievements of modern technology. This varies according to the fashion for decoration of premises in a particular style. However, despite all this, the wall-paper hanging is still one of the most popular finishes, and is not going to "give in".
Calculating the number of wallpaper in the room - Calculator
It is clear that the current wallpaper is already very far removed from those of their "ancestors", which were exclusively rolls of paper with a rather faded pattern. The choice of modern materials - extremely large, and sometimes a variety of collections, even baffling. But once preferred any kind, you should acquire the necessary amount at once, even with an appropriate margin, but not everyone knows how to make measurements and calculations. We offer our readers a convenient algorithm to perform the calculation of the amount of wallpaper on the room - calculator with appropriate explanations to him.
What to look for when choosing wallpaper
General guidelines for choosing
Description of the process of calculating the amount of wallpaper it is advisable to anticipate some of the recommendations on the choice of materials - to a certain extent may also affect the amount of the acquisition. In short, the buyer should accurately represent what he wants to see in the end.
The variety of commercially wallpaper - very large, and must be able to navigate it at least a little
The range of specialty shops includes several different types of wallpaper as a base material for the manufacture of, and on the characteristics of the external design.
- The most "age" in this series are wallpaper paper basis. Their main advantage is considered to be a low price, that is, even the acquisition of a significant reserve, just in case, especially in the absence of the experience of self-pasting the walls - not "hit on the pocket."
The main advantages of wallpaper - wide assortment and low price
Paper wallpaper is available in two versions. Single-layer (simplex) - they are thinner and cheaper, do not have good resistance to any outside influences, not very durable, so they have to be changed frequently. When glueing them quite often there are moments damage fabrics, as by careless driving impregnated with glue a thin sheet of paper could easily crawl, while the wallpaper lowest price category are often lubricated with a colorful pattern.
Double (duplex) already naturally poprochnee and significantly resistant to abrading load. Frequently, the outer layer is performed not only colorful, but the relief (embossed) clearance wallpaper well and the lower layer is only responsible for reliable fixing canvases on the wall surface. Such wall is easier to label, since the outer layer is so strongly impregnated with the adhesive, while maintaining its integrity and quality of the drawing.
Staining the walls pasted wallpaper embossed paper
Some paper wallpaper realized in monochrome relief performance - they are intended for further staining water-based formulations. Is conveniently changed if desired interior completely falls laborious operation plywood - enough to update dyeing layer.
The paper may serve as a base substrate for other types of wallpaper, for example, vinyl or textile outer finishing layer.
- Instead of paper in the manufacture of wallpaper are increasingly used interlining. This material - just as environmentally friendly as it is made from the same cellulose natural fibers, but in a completely different processing techniques.
It looks like a non-woven non-woven fabric
The result is a nonwoven web, which compares favorably to the soaking paper resistance and higher strength characteristics.
As a result - non-woven wallpaper is the most convenient for self-papering - even under wet adhesive media, they do not lose their "geometry" and not crawl. That is why interlining is being increasingly used as a reference basis for other types of wallpaper.
Apply interlining in "pure form" - it also lies well paint, stamping is performed. Perhaps the variety of patterns and shades of wealth - is not as high as that of wallpaper, but all the same range is wide and there is plenty to choose from.
There is one more important thing - interlining, as seen in the picture, it has a translucent structure. Sometimes it is possible the effect of "punching" through new wallpapers wall color, especially if the chosen design light shades. This imposes certain mark on the need for a more thorough surface preparation by pasting it to the desired uni priming. However, at times this phenomenon is even used in the "useful purpose" - the wall in advance at the desired location given certain tinted, which will show through the finish pasted - on the idea of the designer.
So, non-woven wallpaper is almost nothing inferior to the paper, in many positions - surpass them. The only conventional drawback - it is the higher cost of such a finishing material.
- Higher rates of surface resistance to moisture and abrasion, fading under the influence of ultraviolet rays have vinyl wallpaper. They are ideal for rooms where the peculiarities of its use require frequent care of the surface of the walls (kitchen, hallway), or which continuously maintains a high level of humidity.
Almost all vinyl wallpaper are "washable" category - they are capable of withstanding repeated wet cleaning, including with the use of household detergents
To be absolutely accurate, the vinyl (PVC) wallpaper is of such outer layer only. The inner substrate, which is responsible for adhering to the wall paintings - or a paper or fleece.
The outer polymeric covering (PVC) has good hydrophobicity indices perfectly amenable to application of the relief embossing pattern. It is excellent fall special indelible paint the most vivid colors, not afraid of including the abrasive impact, and a range of vinyl wallpaper - is extremely wide.
The disadvantage of vinyl wallpaper - low water vapor permeability, ie the walls, covered with a trim, it's hard to "breathe", which could spoil the atmosphere in the room. Therefore, these wallpapers are not recommended for children's rooms, for bedrooms. People with a sensitive sense of smell may annoy light characteristic "flavor" of PVC, which can be kept for a long time.
For heavy vinyl wallpaper necessarily apply special glue
Another "minus" - this is a great density and weight of such fabrics, and finishes should only be used specifically designed for PVC wallpaper glue. To cope with vinyl wallpaper without a corresponding experience - much more difficult than with paper, and even more so - Fleece.
Sales can be met and other types of wallpaper for walls made of highly unusual in the normal presentation materials. So, are gaining popularity textile tapestries (by the way they once were, "progenitors" milestones of modern types of wallpaper), glass cloth, metallic, cork, bamboo, coconut fibers, and others. But since this publication aims still more on the people who undertake the first time for the conduct of self-repair, dwell on these &# 171; exotic&# 187; options will not. To take on such an unusual finish gluing, no experience - a losing event, which almost certainly will fail with the loss of a lot of resources.
How to approach the problem of choosing the most appropriate wallpaper? Of course, to them as decorative finishing materials, first demanded to external design. The publication on this aspect does not make sense to stop - we have several other purposes, especially because such issues have already given a lot of space on the pages of the portal.
What are the rules to observe when choosing wallpaper color and pattern?
It is clear that the decisive factor has always been and remains a preference for home owners. However, you should listen to some of the recommendations. For example, there are certain canons selection of wallpaper for bedroom. And, often resort to complex interior decoration, using two types of wallpaper.
In this case, we are more concerned about the performance of the fabric.
- For areas permanently flooded street light, you should choose wallpaper, which have increased resistance against fading, or finishing the update will have to deal with too often. And the greater the probability of hitting the walls of the sun's rays, the higher should be the indicator of sustainability.
- We have already mentioned that for premises - undesirable heavy vinyl wallpaper, no matter how attractive they may appear on the registration. Here the choice of emphasis should be still in the direction of ecological purity of the material and the ability to maintain optimum room temperature balance and moisture, without the likelihood of condensation on the walls. At the same time, the wallpaper in the bedroom and children should not attract dust, not otherwise excluded manifestation of allergic reactions.
- Kitchen vinyl wallpaper will be just right - the inevitable evaporation and settling on the walls require private cleanups. And PVC in this case, even very good in that its surface moisture is absorbed very little - can be avoided indelible stains.
- For bathrooms the best choice would be a material with a pronounced hydrophobic properties - suitable quality vinyl wallpaper on non-woven backing.
For entrance halls, corridors selected pattern with high resistance to abrasion
- For narrow or cramped spaces with increased intensity movement of people (entrance hall, corridor, vestibule, etc.) are important in the first place the quality of wear resistance, ie resistance to external abrasion resistance.
All qualities acquired wallpaper must be sure to ask the seller in the store. But only rely on such advice - not quite reasonable, and need to be able to identify the necessary information, studying the original packaging of the product.
What can tell packaging label wallpaper?
Each roll of wallpaper is accompanied by the trademark label that contains a lot of useful information for the buyer - just need to know how to read it.
On the product label roll of wallpaper placed a lot of useful information
- First of all, this article is a specific form (model) Wallpaper (Pos. 1). It happens that there are wallpaper is very similar in its design, and packed goods vacation wonder to make a mistake and get a roll, which is proving to be different from all the rest of your design.
- Article - that's not all. Wallpapers are available in lots, each of which corresponds to one filling production line colorful compositions. It is natural that manufacturers adhere to a common technology in its production, but still, even small differences in the composition of the ink used can significantly affect the exterior finish.
The catch is in the fact that such a difference in the store to grasp - it is practically impossible, and the effect of &# 171; irregular banding&# 187; It appears after sticking on the wall. Therefore, choosing a product of one article, do not forget to check that fully coincide and the party - then all the rolls are guaranteed to fit one another. The party is usually referred to a group of numbers. On the labels of imported wallpaper, this figure is often referred to as another term: «Batch number» (item 2)..
EXAMPLE commodity imported wallpaper shortcut
- Pay attention to the size of the wallpaper. Not all rolls are the same, and it should be borne in mind. There are several standards that could get caught in the modern range of shops.
&# 8212; The most common - it rolls length 10.05 and width 0.53 meters.
&# 8212; Increasingly began discharged wider options - the same length but wider than doubled - 1.06 meters. Pasting walls with their help, if experience accelerated substantially.
&# 8212; Less common, but still found the wallpaper of the same width (0.53 and 1.06 m), but has a length of 15, 20 and even 25 meters.
&# 8212; Some foreign manufacturers follow their own standards and their products may have completely different widths. There maybe a wide enough variety, but our market is more likely to enter the wallpaper width of 0.7 m width can even reach up to 1.5 meters, but it is -. Quite rare, and high-quality gluing such huge canvases requires uncommon skill.
Please note that it is often at the size specified and possible error. That is, if a roll of "back to back" is calculated, say, 4 leaf, it is quite possible unpleasant surprise when the last piece of a sudden will be shorter than the other (Pos. 3).
The label can be text information - it even without knowing the language is easy to understand (item 4)..
Finally, on a label placed several icons talking about the features of this type of wallpaper (pos. 5) and the rules of drawing fitting (pos. 6). These icons - standard, independent of the country of manufacture and the language of the text on the label, so it is not difficult to decipher. The icons can be conditionally divided into several groups, and their values are given in the table below:
|Icons, speaking about the performance as wallpaper|
|Wallpaper does not have high resistance to moisture - it is enough only on the process of sticking.|
|Moderate humidity, allowing infrequent conduct cleanups wet surface|
|Severe moisture, does not limit the owners in the amount of wet cleanups|
|Wear resistance coating allows periodic cleanings with brushes|
|Restrictions on the number of cleaning wet brush and using household cleaners do not.|
|Decorated with wallpaper surface has a high resistance to mechanical stress, including - shock and scratching|
|Wallpaper - not resistant to fading.|
|Moderate resistance to sunlight|
|Wallpapers high resistance to fading.|
|High resistance to fading when exposed to sunlight.|
|Wallpapers maximum resistance to ultraviolet rays, almost defeated fade under the most adverse operating conditions.|
|Pictograms characterizing features remove wallpaper off the wall|
|Wallpapers are easily removed whole cloth, without pre-wetting.|
|When removing the wallpapers are stratified on the front layer and the remaining pasted on the wall of the foundation.|
|To remove the wallpaper from the wall you want to pre-wetting.|
|Icons, speaking about the special properties of wallpaper|
|Wallpaper duplex type, with paper or non-woven backing and embossed facial layer. Capable of hide minor error wall.|
|This model is part of the selected collection, to which other elements of decorative finishing the interior|
|Icons which indicate the order of application of the adhesive|
|The adhesive is applied only on themselves wallpaper.|
|Clay is greased only a wall.|
|Wallpapers have their own adhesive layer, for which the bringing into operation requires hydration paintings.|
The next group of icons - this is especially wallpapering and aligning drawings. Since this issue directly affects the subject discussed in the article, such icons require a little more attention.
|Picture wallpaper provides them reversible gluing. The direction of each of the next blade is reversed.|
Reversible arrangement is usually characteristic for wallpapers with vertical linear pattern, which requires no alignment - only vertically docking. An example of such gluing is shown in the illustration below.
Each subsequent blade is rotated 180 degrees
There are such wallpaper - less often, cutting them too much difficulty does not cause, and the main thing - just do not forget the need for constant change of direction - so figure acquire the desired finish.
|Wallpaper pasted paintings butt alignment pattern is not required|
This type - the most convenient for cutting and further sticking. Cutting webs to the desired length can be produced from any arbitrarily chosen point. As a rule, it is finishing with vertical lines or completely chaotic pattern - embossed or tint.
It is obvious that no adjustment pattern in this case is not required
|Wallpaper glued butt and paintings, but the pattern of spaced apart vertically. The result is a diagonal arrangement pattern.|
|The quantity rapport (step pattern), and the offset value (as a rule - ½ rapport).|
Here we must make a special explanation, since the cases have more sophisticated and cutting, and for gluing wallpaper on the wall.
- In the first case, a little easier - all linen wallpaper are symmetrical to each other or completely similar, that is, when the preliminary cutting can always rely on a single point. And since the vast majority of cases, cutting into rolls of wallpaper in the production is also carried out automatically with the same starting point, and will conduct a home cutting easier.
EXAMPLE alignment pattern without vertical spacing
However, there is a nuance that is able to "upset" the master.
There is such a thing - rapport. This is - a step between two very similar pictures vertically. Again in this case, all the paintings begin with a single point, it does not exclude the possibility that after cutting the sheet, in order to start a new one, will have to work to remove the trim. In the worst case, this could scrap its length approaching the height of rapport, and that, in turn, sometimes reaches half a meter or more. It must take into account in the calculations.
- The following case - even more difficult to carry out cutting, and often causes difficulties with the right wallpapering inexperienced artists.
In this embodiment, the figure also has its pitch, but the web is not symmetrical, or do not start from the same point, as the pattern is displaced diagonally to a certain value. Most of all - it is half the repeat, although there are some varieties of wallpaper, which may have displacement and ⅓ pitch.
Docking patterned wallpaper webs shifted vertically
It is correct to understand that quite a universal method of calculation - does not exist, as should always be taken into account especially the particular premises and the selected material. Many experienced finishers keep their secrets measuring and cutting of materials that contribute to waste minimization. For example, it often makes sense to carry out cutting of the roll is not all the paintings in a row, but only say the odd order of placement on the wall, and on the other roll - only even. If there is a desire to achieve maximum savings, it is possible, by mobilizing their imagination and geometric knowledge, try to find the best.